What Is Education Scholarship?
"Education Scholarship is an umbrella term which can encompass both research and innovation in health professions education. Quality in education scholarship is attained through work that is: peer-reviewed, publicly disseminated and provides a platform that others can build on."Van Melle E, Curran V, Goldszmidt M, Lieff S, St-Onge C. Toward a common understanding: advancing education scholarship for clinical faculty in Canadian medical schools. A position paper. Ottawa: Canadian Association for Medical Education. 2012 Aug.
Education scholarship encompasses a wide range of academic activities, as outlined by Ernest Boyer in The Scholarship of Teaching (Boyer EL. The scholarship of teaching from: Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. College Teaching. 1991 Feb 1;39(1):11-3.)
Scholarship of teaching
Examples include developing innovative teaching tools, conceptual frameworks, faculty development programs or courses or scholarly programs.
Click here for an example of Scholarship of Teaching: Nutik M, Woods NN, Moaveni A, Owen J, Gleberzon J, Alvi R, Freeman R. Assessing undergraduate medical education through a generalist lens. Canadian Family Physician. 2021 May 1;67(5):357-63.
Scholarship of application
Examples include making the connection between research findings and practice, or applying knowledge to contextual examples.
Click here for an example of Scholarship of Application: Al-Imari L, Nutik M, Rozmovits L, Alvi R, Freeman R. Family medicine journal club: to tweet or not to tweet?. Family Medicine. 2020;52(2):127-30.
Scholarship of integration
Examples include projects that are interdisciplinary, or connect across time, or use knowledge from one field and apply it to another, or interpret another disciplines’ research into your field and making meaning along the way.
Click here for an example of Scholarship of Integration: Parker K, Karim A, Freeman R. Developmental Evaluation: six ways to get a grip on the potential of education scholarship to serve innovation. Canadian Medical Education Journal/Revue canadienne de l'éducation médicale. 2021;12(5):54-8.
Scholarship of discovery
Examples include projects that produce new knowledge: These are typically considered to be ‘research' projects.
Click here for an example of Scholarship of Discovery: Forte M, Morson N, Mirchandani N, Grundland B, Fernando O, Rubenstein W. How teachers adapt their cognitive strategies when using entrustment scales. Academic Medicine. 2021 Nov 1;96(11S):S87-92.
Some helpful introductory references on education scholarship:
- Cook DA, Bordage G, Schmidt HG. Description, justification and clarification: a framework for classifying the purposes of research in medical education. Medical education. 2008 Feb 1;42(2):128-33. PDF
- Ringsted C, Hodges B, Scherpbier A. ‘The research compass’: An introduction to research in medical education: AMEE Guide No. 56. Medical teacher. 2011 Sep 1;33(9):695-709. PDF